Common Veterinary Specialists

Your pet may need to see a specialist for diagnosis and treatment. This can confuse pet owners who may not distinguish between a typical veterinarian and many specialists.

Because they have specialized education and practical experience beyond general practice veterinarians, veterinary specialists can take over where regular veterinary care ends. Two-year intensive residency training is required for veterinary specialists. Experts in their fields may sometimes provide one-on-one support.

What Is a Veterinary Specialist?

A veterinary specialist refers to a veterinarian who has had additional training beyond the eight years of general practice and veterinary school. These advanced training programs often include an internship, residency, and a rigorous examination in the chosen specialty.

After passing the exam, they become Board Certified in their specialty. Telemedicine or telephone consultations are possible for some specialists, but they may not be as good as an in-person visit. This is a list of typical veterinary specialties that you should be familiar with.


Our veterinary surgical service focuses on your pet’s musculoskeletal systems, including bones, joints, and muscles. Minimally invasive procedures can reduce surgical discomfort, speed up hospitalizations, and accelerate recovery if surgery is necessary. 

Internal Medicine

Fearful problems can arise with your pet’s central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, or endocrine systems. The goal of an internal medicine veterinarian is to improve the quality of each patient’s life through skilled patient care, thorough diagnosis, and innovative medical treatment. These specialists are qualified to provide long-term, critical care using minimally invasive techniques and innovative therapies. Some internal medicine veterinarians are offering puppy vaccinations.


Veterinary cardiologists specialize in diagnosing, treating, and preventing heart disease and lung disease in pets. Any pet who is referred for a cardiac consultation will undergo a thorough physical examination. If necessary, diagnostic tests will be done to determine the exact cause of the problem and create a treatment plan.


Veterinary oncologists can also perform the same treatments for cancer used in medicine, such as chemotherapy and surgery. One treatment strategy might include a combination of all three. Veterinary oncologists and primary care veterinarians create a complete treatment plan. It has everything from chemotherapy to staging testing, to palliative care, to chemotherapy. You can click here for additional information about pet oncology.


Each part of the nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, and muscles. Your pet will be comfortable throughout the exam and treatment. Veterinary neurologists have the expertise to diagnose and treat neurological problems in your pet. You should immediately contact your veterinarian to schedule an appointment, as problems with the nervous system can prove fatal.


Veterinarian dentistry is the most underutilized resource in animal hospitals for patient care and expansion. Dental disease was found in 68 percent of cats and 78 percent in dogs aged over three years.

The comprehensive wellness program that veterinarian dentists offer to their patients must include preventing and treating periodontal disease. You can visit online articles about pet dentistry to learn more.


They are essential to modern veterinary care. It is important to remember that specialty veterinarian care can cost more than primary care. It would be best if you understood the costs involved in taking your pet to a specialist before you decide to do so.

The purpose of veterinary specialists is to help you choose the best treatment for your pet. Before your vet recommends you take your pet to a specialist, make sure to research the treatment and specialists that your veterinarian recommended.